To harness solar energy, solar photovoltaic (PV) systems are used. These are also known as solar panels, solar power systems, or solar energy systems. These are able to convert sunlight into electricity, which can then be used to power residences, businesses, or even cars! Solar panels are made up of solar cells with electrical contact plates on the surface, which are mainly comprised of silicon. This element is used due to its conductive characteristic and ability to generate an electric current when exposed to sunlight.
To make a solar panel, the silicon electrical plates are laid out in the form of a grid with a protective backsheet as well as a glass cover on the front. Inverters are needed to convert solar electricity into a form that can be used in buildings or vehicles. Several solar panels are needed to generate sufficient electricity to power homes or offices, and this collection of panels in the solar power system is known as an array.